The psychology behind fear. When does it set in and how does near misses count?
The legacy process of pilot training in the early days started with gathering flying hours and experience mainly with general aviation or as an instructor in the flying school. With enough experience and an airline job, pilots were able to transit from flying smaller and slower aircraft to jet aircraft after some initial base training. The need to update and review current pilot training was actually formally first recognised as early as in 1982 and the first ICAO attempt to adapt to the changes in the airline industry was the installation of the Personnel Licensing and Training Panel (PELTP) from 1982-1986 (IATA, 2011).
Seconds away from impact with mountains, the crew reacted instinctively to prove the effectiveness of training.